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Annual Policy Conference: Getting to Nuclear Zero Building Common Security...

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Annual Policy Conference: Getting to Nuclear Zero Building Common Security for a Post-MAD World


Group of 78 Annual Policy Conference
In cooperation with:

Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
Canadian Voice of Women for Peace
Physicians for Global Survival

Conférence Annuelle des Politiques du Groupe des 78
En coopération avec : Le Réseau Canadien pour Abolir l’Arme Nucléaire
La voix des femmes canadiennes pour la paix
Cartier Place Suite Hotel, Ottawa, les 22-23 septembre 2017

Visit our website for more informaiton




Conference Outline

The quest for global sustainable peace is at a critical juncture. The considerable majority of countries, through the United Nations, is actively pursuing the crafting of a treaty to eliminate nuclear weapons. This action faces many challenges, notably the opposition of most nuclear weapons states and some of their allies, including Canada.

Nuclear disarmament ultimately requires a shift from the doctrine of mutually assured destruction (MAD) to a commitment – in mind, policy and practice – to mutual security, through a sustainable common security regime rooted in global interdependence, the rule of law, and a recognition of the limited utility of military force in responding to political conflict. Common security is built on UN Charter principles and on mutual security arrangements, rather than competitive military alliances, and focuses on war prevention and the peaceful resolution of disputes.

These issues will be examined and debated in the Group of 78’s 2017 policy conference. Speakers and presenters will provide analysis of the process and prospects for abolishing nuclear weapons and seeking to define the elements necessary to transition to a post-nuclear weapons world. They will provide an overview of current international initiatives, delve into the status and prospects of the negotiations at the United Nations to eliminate nuclear weapons, assess the impediments to developing a common security framework without nuclear weapons, identify the building blocks for such a security system, and outline how Canada can play a constructive leadership role in this enterprise.

The aims of the conference will be (1) to provide participants with a thorough and cogent analysis of what’s involved in complete nuclear disarmament and building common security for the global community, and (2) to articulate ideas and recommendations to the Canadian government for its participation and leadership in this process.

Among the questions that the conference will address are: How realistic is the idea of, and what are the steps involved in, achieving complete nuclear disarmament? How does one overcome the objections of those who hold nuclear weapons now? What does a post-nuclear weapons world look like? How can public opinion be mobilized toward a safer, non-nuclear planet? What positions and actions can Canada bring to the table to accelerate movement to this goal? What can civil society undertake to encourage and support the Canadian Government in this role?

Further information on the detailed program and range of speakers will be available in the near future. Possible participants can contact the Group of 78 (http://group78.org/) for information as it becomes available and to express interest in attending the conference.



Les Grandes Lignes

La recherche d’une paix mondiale durable est actuellement dans une jonction critique. Un nombre considérable de pays, à travers les Nations Unies, poursuit activement la construction d’un traité pour éliminer l’arme nucléaire. Cette action fait face à plusieurs défis, notamment l’opposition des états possédant l’arme nucléaire et certains de leurs alliés comme le Canada.

Le désarmement nucléaire demande ultimement un décalage de la doctrine de la destruction mutuelle assurée (DMA) vers un engagement – en esprit, politiquement et pratiquement – pour une sécurité mutuelle, à travers un régime de sécurité commune durable ancrée dans une interdépendance mondiale, les règles de la loi, et une reconnaissance de l’utilité limitée de la force militaire pour répondre à un conflit politique. La sécurité commune est construite sur les principes de la Chartre de l’ONU et sur les arrangements mutuels de sécurité, plutôt que sur la compétition des alliances militaires, et le focus sur la prévention de la guerre et la résolution pacifique des disputes.

Ces préoccupations seront examinées et débattues lors de la conférence annuelle du Groupe des 78. Les orateurs et présentateurs donneront des analyses du processus et des perspectives pour abolir l’arme nucléaire et chercheront à définir les éléments nécessaires pour construire conséquemment une transition vers un monde d’après l’arme nucléaire. Ils fourniront une vue d’ensemble des initiatives internationales, creuseront sur le statu et perspectives des négociations en cours è l’ONU pour éliminer l’arme nucléaire, mesureront les obstacles pour développer un cadre pour une sécurité commune sans l’arme nucléaire, identifieront les blocs de construction pour ce nouveau système de sécurité, et proposeront une approche de comment le Canada pourrait jouer un rôle de leadership constructif dans cette entreprise.

Les buts de la conférence sont donc, (1) de fournir aux participants une analyse inclusive et convaincante des éléments constitutifs pour compléter le désarmement nucléaire et construire une sécurité commune pour la communauté mondiale, et (2) d’articuler des idées et recommandations au gouvernement canadien pour sa participation et leadership dans ce processus.

Les questions adressées par cette conférence incluent entre autres : Comment réaliste est l’idée, et quelles sont les étapes requises pour atteindre un désarmement nucléaire complet? Comment une personne peut contrecarrer les objections de ceux qui possèdent l’arme nucléaire maintenant? À quoi ressemble un monde d’après l’arme nucléaire? Comment mobiliser l’opinion publique vers une planète plus sécuritaire sans l’arme nucléaire? Quelles positions et actions le Canada amène à la table pour accélérer le mouvement vers ce but? Qu’est que la société civile peut prendre en charge pour encourager et supporter le gouvernement canadien dans ce rôle?

Des informations additionnelles sur le programme et les interlocuteurs seront disponibles dans un futur rapproché. Les participants intéressés peuvent contacter le Groupe des 78 (http://group78.org/) pour les informations qui deviendront disponibles ou pour exprimer leur intérêt pour assister à la conférence.


PRELIMINARY PROGRAM

Friday, September 22– Dinner

Introduction and Welcome: Roy Culpeper, Chair of the Group of 78

Keynote Address:

Tariq Rauf, Advisor at the Office of the Executive Secretary of CTBTO (Comprehensive Nuclear-test-ban Treaty Organization), and former Director of the Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme at SIPRI/Sweden

Mr. Rauf will address, in broad scope, the opportunities and challenges of nuclear disarmament and building an alternative common security system. He will identify the key questions and issues the international community faces in this quest that can be explored further by conference presenters and participants.

Saturday – September 23

Introductory Remarks – Hon. Douglas Roche

Panel 1 – Nuclear Disarmament Negotiations: Status and Prospects

This panel will take stock of the status and/or results of the (GA Res 71/258) UN-mandated negotiations that will have concluded on July 7th.

Moderator:

Bev Delong, co-founder, Project Ploughshares Calgary; Chair, Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons; Board member, International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms

Panelists:

1. Cesar Jaramillo, Executive Director at Project Ploughshares

2. Irish Diplomat Michael Hurley (invited, tbc)

Panel 2 – Common Security: Major Impediments

This panel will identify and analyze key impediments to greater international cooperation toward common security and how they might be addressed.

Moderator: Metta Spencer, Science for Peace

Panelists:

1. Marius Grinius, Former Canadian Ambassador to Vietnam, South Korea and North Korea; Former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament

2.Tom Collina, Director of Policy, Ploughshares Fund (USA); formerly, Research Director of the Arms Control Association

Panel 3 – Achieving and Sustaining Common Security: Key Elements

This panel will identify elements to be addressed in order to achieve greater common security.

Moderator: Tamara Lonincz

Panelists:

1. Peter Langille, Specialist in peace and conflict studies, United Nations peace operations, conflict resolution and mediation; author of the concept of a UN Emergency Peace Service (UNEPS) and advocate for Sustainable Common Security

2. Paul Meyer

Panel 4 – Canadian Leadership for Common Security

This panel will explore the role Canada might play in order to help achieve common security in the world and advance ideas for action by Canada.

Moderator: Ernie Regehr

Panelists

1. Tariq Rauf, Advisor at the Office of the Executive Secretary of CTBTO

2. Peggy Mason, Former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament; President, Rideau Institute

Conference Conclusion and Closing Remarks: Roy Culpeper

Group of 78 Annual Meeting to follow immediately.


Speakers

Tariq Rauf


Tariq Rauf is consulting advisor for policy and outreach in the Office of the Executive Secretary of CTBTO in Vienna. Until March 2017, he was the Director of the Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation program at SIPRI. He reported to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as Head of Verification and Security Policy Coordination, and in that capacity was the Alternate Head of the IAEA Delegation to NPT Conferences and PrepComs from 2003 to 2010, and the IAEA Liaison and Point-of-Contact for the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Zangger Committee, Committee UNSCR 1540, and the (UN) Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF). From 2003 to 2012, he was the Coordinator of IAEA Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle. In 2013, Rauf was Expert Trainer at the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). From 1995 to 2002, he was the Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Programme at the Centre for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey. From 1987 to 2000, he was Non-Proliferation Expert/Advisor with Canada’s delegations to NPT Conferences; and advised Canada’s Parliamentary Committees on foreign affairs and national defence from 1987 to 1995. He was Senior Research Associate at the Canadian Centre for Arms Control and Disarmament in Ottawa, 1986-1995.


Peter Langille


Dr. H. Peter Langille specializes in peace and conflict studies, United Nations peace operations, conflict resolution and mediation, and independent analysis of defence and security policy. His PhD in Peace Studies, University of Bradford (1999) focused on initiatives to enhance training, defence specialization and rapid deployment for UN peace operations.In the early 1990s his proposal and plans prompted the development of the Pearson Peacekeeping Training Centre. In 1994-95, he was a core contributor to the Canadian government study, Towards a Rapid Reaction Capability for the United Nations. His 2002 book, Bridging the Commitment Capacity Gap, developed the initial concept, case, model and plans for a permanent UN Emergency Peace Service. In 2015, Peter elaborated on the option in a WFM-C submission to the UN High Level Panel reviewing peace operations. His latest book is Developing a United Nations Emergency Peace Service, and he is currently elaborating on the core principles and requirements of sustainable common security.

Tom Collina

Tom Collina is Ploughshares Fund (USA) director of policy. He has 25 years of Washington, DC experience in nuclear weapons, missile defense and nonproliferation issues. He has worked extensively as a researcher, analyst, and advocate to strengthen the efforts to end US nuclear testing, rationalize anti-missile programs, extend the Nonproliferation Treaty, and secure Senate ratification of the New START Treaty.Prior to joining Ploughshares Fund in 2014, Tom served as Research Director of the Arms Control Association.He was the Executive Director and Co-Founder of the Institute for Science and International Security and the Director of the Global Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Bev Delong


Bev Delong co-founded Project Ploughshares Calgary, then served as President of Lawyers for Social Responsibility. She is currently chairing Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons as well as serving on the Board of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms, Canadian Pugwash Group and the Steering Committee for Canadians for a Nuclear Weapons Convention.

Cesar Jaramillo


Cesar Jaramillo is executive director at Project Ploughshares. His areas of expertise include nuclear disarmament, outer space security and conventional weapons control. As an international civil society representative, Cesar has addressed, among others, the UN General Assembly First Committee (Disarmament and International Security), the UN Conference on Disarmament, the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), states parties to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), and states parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). He has also given guest lectures and presentations at academic institutions such as the National Law University in New Delhi, the China University of Political Science and Law in Beijing, and the University of Toronto.

Peggy Mason


Peggy Mason is an expert on the UN, disarmament, conflict resolution and NATO. As Canada’s Ambassador for Disarmament, she represented Canada at UN disarmament forums in New York, and headed Canada’s delegation to disarmament treaty reviews in relation to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. A member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament for six years, she has chaired UN expert studies on disarmament in Iraq and the regulation of small arms and light weapons. Since 1996 Mason has been involved in many aspects of UN peacekeeping training, including the development of ground-breaking principles to guide the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former fighters, reform of UN arms embargoes, and the dramatic evolution of UN peacekeeping in the 21st century. She is current President of the Rideau Institute, and a board member of the Group of 78.

Marius Grinius

Marius Grinius served in the Canadian Army for 12 years before joining the Foreign Service in 1979. He is the former Canadian Ambassador to Vietnam (1997–99), South Korea (2004-07) and concurrently to North Korea (2005-07), to the United Nations and Conference on Disarmament in Geneva (2007-11). Before retiring in 2012 he spent a year in the Department of National Defence as Director-General International Security Policy. He is a Fellow at the Canadian Global Affairs Institute and a member of the Advisory Board for the Canadian Centre for R2P (Responsibility to Protect).


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180 Cooper Street

Ottawa, ON K2P 2L5

Canada

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