Radio announcers hold many different broadcasting positions, like those of disc jockeys, news announcers or talk show hosts. Although there are typically no formal education requirements for public address announcers, radio and television announcers usually must have a bachelor's degree. On-the-job training is often required for public address announcers, and internships are commonly necessary for radio announcers. The main duty of radio announcers is to present clear, informative and entertaining information to their audience. This often requires announcers to prepare for their broadcasts in advance in areas such as topic research, fact-checking and script or show outline preparation. Announcers and DJs may also have to compile song lists and prepare for personal interviews. Depending on the size of the radio station, announcers may have additional duties. For smaller operations, an announcer may be in charge of some of the technical aspects of the show, such as working the control board, keeping the programming logs or answering the phones. At larger stations, announcers may be expected to make public appearances or help market products on their show. A radio presenter hosts and broadcasts music or talk shows on a variety of media. The job of a radio presenter is to host shows on radio or the internet which revolve mainly around music, conversation, interviews and stories. A radio presenter is the introductory voice of the broadcast and also keeps the show flowing in order to entertain an audience. The job activities can range from interviewing, introducing, reading news and sport, informing the listeners about the weather or creating and controlling conversation. Radio presenters work mainly in a studio, but the exact environment may vary. Some presenters work for national radio stations meaning large commercial studios, whereas presenters who work for local radio stations, university radios, hospital radios etc, usually work out of small basic recording studios. Radio studios are small rooms filled with sound recording technology and equipment and are usually run by a sound team who will work alongside the presenter. Hours vary depending on the airing of a radio presenter’s show. ‘Airtime slots’ are typically around 3 hours but this can be anywhere on a 24 hour schedule depending on the popularity, genre of show, and the type of radio broadcast. Radio presenters mainly work in broadcasting studios which are small rooms, usually with a sound desk and a microphone, attached by a glass window to a sound technology room. This enables them to be in contact with the sound team constantly but also have control over the running of their own show. Broadcasting studios vary depending on the popularity and budget of the radio stations, i.e. large national radio stations will have bigger and more high tech broadcasting rooms, whereas a hospital radio station is likely to have just one small studio room. Radio presenters usually only present for between 2 and 3 hours a day, but the hours depend on the popularity and purpose of the show and can include the middle of the night. This can cause disruption to sleep patterns for some broadcasters. There is little travel involved in the job, unless the radio presenter freelances. Freelancers will be required to travel to the studio destination of the particular station, which could be anywhere in the UK. There are very few physical demands in radio presenting but aside from sleep disruption, fame brought on through mainstream presenting can lead to loss of privacy and having to maintain a certain public image at all times. There is no clear career path in radio presenting and there are no set rules to advancing to the next stage. Most radio presenters consider a career path towards mainstream and popular radio to be the most successful route but it is also one of the hardest. Most presenters start by volunteering for small radio stations and then attempt to move to more popular local radio channels. From there, the next step is to have more mainstream time slots and then hope to move up to international shows. Other presenters attempt to become known for their personality through online blogging, streaming and websites such as Youtube. Through becoming a public figure, radio presenters hope then be noticed by more mainstream stations.
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