Presenter: Dr. Christine Ateah, RN, Professor, College of Nursing; Vice-Dean Education, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences
Title: Mothering, Guiding and Responding to Children: Considering the Context of Intimate Partner Violence
Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has many negative outcomes for women, children, and families. However, there are opposing perspectives and findings with respect to the effects on mothering for abused women. If service providers assume that abused mothers are compromised in their parenting, the larger issue of male violence and women’s and children’s safety can be minimized or even ignored. The question posed in this study was whether there were differences in reported positive parenting responses with children between women who have experienced IPV and those who have not experienced IPV. The study sample of 1211 mothers came from two studies: The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, and The Healing Journey: A Longitudinal Study of Mothers Affected by Intimate Partner Violence. Adaptations of Strayhorn and Weidman’s Positive Interaction and Rational Parenting scales (1988), were used to measure parenting interactions. First, bivariate correlations between the outcome variables and maternal age, maternal education, child age, and child sex were calculated to determine whether any of these variables were significantly related to the Positive Interaction Scale or Rational Parenting Scale. ANCOVA was then used to determine if mothers who had experienced IPV differed in their scores on the two parenting scales from mothers who had not experienced IPV. Findings do not support the notion that abused women are compromised in their parenting responses with their children in regards to positive interactions and behaviour management. Recommendations include the need for a greater focus on the prevention of IPV, providing appropriate support for mothers who experience IPV, and addressing the source of the violence.
Presenter: Dr. Lisa Hoplock, Postdoctoral Fellow, College of Nursing, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba
Title: Will she say yes? Traditionalism within accepted and rejected marriage proposals
Abstract: Rituals communicate one’s values and are a way to bond with others (Rossano, 2014). One common, understudied, ritual is the marriage proposal. People judge the strength of a couple’s relationship and the legitimacy of the proposal based on the presence of the ritualistic elements, with the engagement ring holding special significance (Schweingruber et al., 2004, 2008). However, existing research has only focused on accepted proposals and has yet to examine traditionalism within rejected proposals. The present research fills this gap. Because the behavioural script is well known in Western society, we hypothesized that there would be high rates of traditional behaviours across proposal outcomes. We conducted a content analysis of 252 marriage proposal videos (40 rejected proposals, 252 accepted proposals; Study 1) and 400 written accounts (200 rejected proposals, 200 accepted proposals; Study 2). Trained coders coded for traditionalistic behaviour (e.g., offering a ring) and explored for themes in the data. Encouraging traditionalism emerged as a theme. For example, proposers were encouraged to ask, “Will you marry me” if it was not asked. Results also indicated that rejected men performed fewer traditional behaviours than accepted men. Furthermore, the odds of a proposal being accepted were 3-4 times higher if the proposer bent on one knee and 9-18 times higher if the proposer presented a ring. Regardless of outcome, the people present were sometimes upset when the script was violated. Taken together, this research highlights the importance of traditionalism and illuminates behaviour within rejected proposals. Future research directions will be discussed.
Presenter: Ms. Christine Finnbogasson, RN, MN
Title: Experiences and satisfaction with intrapartum care: a comparison of normal weight women to obese women
Abstract: Obesity is a steadily growing problem, and has both physiological and psychological consequences during pregnancy. Obese women may face discrimination which could shape their perceptions of maternity care. To date, few studies have studied the influence of body weight on patient satisfaction with care. The objectives of this study were: (1) to compare childbirth experiences and satisfaction with intrapartum care of normal weight (BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30.0 kg/m2) women and (2) to determine factors associated with satisfaction with intrapartum care. Guided by Barker’s (1997) pragmatic model of patient satisfaction, a descriptive comparative and correlational design was used to examine the relationship between childbirth experiences, weight discrimination, and satisfaction with intrapartum care among normal weight and obese women. Postpartum primiparous women (N = 138) in two Winnipeg hospitals completed a questionnaire package and had their chart reviewed (70 normal weight, 68 obese weight). Results: Using independent t-test, no significant differences in satisfaction with intrapartum care or childbirth experiences were found in the two weight groups. In the linear multiple regression model, perceived weight discrimination during labour and delivery was negatively associated (β = -5.78, p = 0.032), while professional support (β = 13.11, p < .001) and perceived control and safety (β = 3.25, p = 0.032) were positively associated with satisfaction with intrapartum care. Understanding factors that influence satisfaction with intrapartum care will assist healthcare providers and administrators to improve satisfaction in all women regardless of their weight.